Monday, March 27, 2017

[Entomology • 2016] Aenictus shilintongae | มดทหารเทพา • An Army Ant of the Aenictus laeviceps Species Group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Dorylinae) from China

 Aenictus shilintongae 
Jaitrong & Schultz, 2016 

มดทหารเทพา |

 Aenictus shilintongae, a new army ant from Southeast China, is described based on the worker caste. The new species belongs to the A. laeviceps species group and seems to be closely related to A. rotundicollis Jaitrong et Yamane, 2011 and A. sonchaengi Jaitrong et Yamane, 2011, but is easily distinguished from the latter two in having dense pilosity on head and mesosoma. It is named in honor of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of the Kingdom of Thailand after her name in Chinese.

KEY WORDS: Army ants, Aenictus shilintongae, Taxonomy, China.

        Weeyawat Jaitrong and Ted Schultz. 2016. Aenictus shilintongae sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Dorylinae), An Army Ant of the Aenictus laeviceps Species Group from China. The Thailand Natural History Museum Journal. 10(2); 67-74.

[Mammalogy • 2017] A Taxonomic Revision of the Kerivoula hardwickii complex (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) with the Description of A New Species, Kerivoula furva, from Taiwan

 Kerivoula furva 
Kuo, Soisook, Ho, Csorba, Wang & Rossiter, 2017

Since its discovery, the taxonomic status of the only species of Kerivoula (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae: Kerivoulinae) to be found on Taiwan has been confused. Previous studies have assigned this species to either Kerivoula hardwickii or K. titania, both of which occur on continental SE Asia. This uncertainty supports repeated suggestions in the literature that specimens of K. hardwickii collected and/or sampled across SE Asia are likely to represent multiple cryptic taxa. To address these issues, we combined new and existing data from the genus Kerivoula on Taiwan and continental Asia, and performed diagnostic analyses in steps. First, phylogenetic reconstructions based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA revealed a well-supported group comprising all taxa currently recognized as K. hardwickii, together with the Taiwanese Kerivoula and Kerivoula kachinensis to the exclusion of all other congeneric species. Second, focusing on all members of this monophyletic clade (i.e., K. hardwickii complex) together with K. titania, we used multivariate statistical methods to separate taxa based on morphometric data. Our results provide strong evidence that among these bats, the Taiwanese Kerivoula is a new species that also occurs on continental Asia, for which we provide a formal description and name. In addition, we show that the subspecies K. hardwickii depressa should be elevated to species status [Kerivoula depressa]. We discuss our findings and the caveats of this and similar studies. 


FIG. 4. Photographs of Kerivoula furva sp. n., showing (a) a live individual (no voucher) as well as
 (b) dorsal and (c) ventral views of the skin specimen of holotype (NMNS 17595).

Scale bars in (b–c) =10 mm. Photo (a) by Cheng-Han Chou 

Kerivoula furva sp. n.

Etymology: The proposed English name is ‘Dark woolly bat’.The name refers to the very dark pelage of the new species.

Hao-Chih Kuo, Pipat Soisook, Ying-Yi Ho, Gabor Csorba, Chun-Neng Wang and Stephen J. Rossiter. 2017. A Taxonomic Revision of the Kerivoula hardwickii complex (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) with the Description of A New Species.   Acta Chiropterologica. 19(1); 19-39.  DOI: 10.3161/15081109ACC2017.19.1.002

[Botany • 2017] New species of Xylopia (Annonaceae) from East Africa; Xylopia lukei, X. tenuipetala, X. tanganyikensis & X. keniensis

Fig. 1: Xylopia lukei: A buds; B open flowers, showing petal orientation.
X. tenuipetala: C flowers; D dehisced monocarp, showing red endocarp, black seed, and white aril.
X. keniensis: E flowers, lateral view; F flower, apical view.

photos:a – c, e – f Quentin Luke; d Jonathan Timberlake.

Four new species of the pantropical genus Xylopia L. (Annonaceae) in East Africa are proposed. Two of the new species, Xylopia lukei D. M. Johnson & Goyder and X. tenuipetala D. M. Johnson & Goyder, most closely resemble the East African species X. mwasumbii D. M. Johnson. This species group is confined to the lowland coastal dry forests extending from central Tanzania to northern Mozambique. Problems with the circumscription of X. parviflora (A. Rich.) Benth. in eastern Africa are presented. East African plants identified as that species differ in numerous ways from the plants in central and western Africa, and in this paper are distinguished as X. parviflora sensu Verdcourt. Complicating the picture further is the fact that two rare but readily distinguishable species, X. tanganyikensis D. M. Johnson and X. keniensis D. M. Johnson, both described here, have been confused with X. parviflora sensu Verdcourt. The newly described species are narrowly distributed and most sites are threatened by habitat alteration, three of the four species having provisional IUCN conservation assessments of EN B1ab(iii)+ B2ab(iii).

Key Words: Coastal dry forest, endemism, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania 

David M. Johnson, Quentin Luke, David J. Goyder and Nancy A. Murray. 2017. 
New species of Xylopia (Annonaceae) from East Africa.
Kew Bulletin.  72:11.  DOI:  10.1007/s12225-017-9681-x

[Arachnida • 2017] Larinia dubia & L. robusta • Two New Species of Orb-weaving Spiders of the Genus Larinia (Araneae, Araneidae) in meridional Brazil

Larinia dubia  
Ott & Rodrigues, 2017 


The araneid genus Larinia Simon currently includes 56 species, eleven of them with New World distribution (World Spider Catalog, 2016). North American species of the genus were revised first time by Levi (1975) and South American species by Harrod et al. (1991). According to these authors there are four species known from subtropical South America (Larinia bivittata Keyserling 1885; L. montecarlo (Levi, 1988); L. t-notata (Tullgren, 1905); L. tucuman Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991) and also four species known from tropical South America (L. ambo Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991; L. directa (Hentz, 1847); L. lampa Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991; L. neblina Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991). According to Buckup et al. (2010) a total of 209 species of Araneidae are recorded for state of Rio Grande do Sul, including the three species L. bivittata, L. montecarlo and L. t-notata.

Keywords: Araneae, Araneidae

Larinia dubia n. sp., Male (holotype, MCN 52123). 

Araneidae Clerck, 1757 
Larinia Simon, 1874 

Larinia dubia new species
Etymology. The species epithet is a Latin adjective meaning “dubious.” It refers to doubts among species, difficult to define.

Larinia robusta new species

Etymology. The species epithet is a Latin adjective meaning “robust, strong” due their large body size relative to other local species. 

 Ricardo Ott and Everton Nei Lopes Rodrigues. 2017. Two New Species of Orb-weaving Spiders of the Genus Larinia (Araneae, Araneidae) in meridional Brazil. Zootaxa. 4247(1)89–93. DOI:  10.11646/zootaxa.4247.1.13

[Entomology • 2017] Coeliccia mientrung spec. nov. from Central Vietnam (Odonata: Platycnemididae)

Coeliccia mientrung 
 Kompier & Phan, 2017


Coeliccia mientrung spec. nov. is described from central Vietnam. Detailed differences from the very similar C. pyriformis Laidlaw, 1932, are provided. The female of C. pyriformis is described for the first time.
Keywords: Odonata, Platycnemididae, Coeliccia mientrung spec. nov., Coeliccia pyriformis, new species, Vietnam

FIGURE 4. Male Coeliccia mientrung in nature, 5.VIII.2016, Bach Ma National Park, Thua Thien—Hue Prov. Note three–colored eyes, white spots in prothorax, short truncated antehumeral stripes and limited yellow on S9. 

Etymology. The specific name mientrung, a noun in apposition, refers in Vietnamese to the area of central Vietnam where the species occurs

 Tom Kompier and Quoc Toan Phan. 2017. Coeliccia mientrung spec. nov. from Central Vietnam (Odonata: Platycnemididae). Zootaxa. 4247(2); 131–140. DOI:  10.11646/zootaxa.4247.2.4

[Herpetology • 2017] Hemidactylus chipkali • A New Rupicolous Species of Gecko of the Genus Hemidactylus Oken, 1817 from the Satpura Hills, Central India

Hemidactylus chipkali  
  Mirza & Raju, 2017 

Central Indian Leaf-toed Gecko | 


We here describe a new species of rupicolous gecko from the Satpura Hills of central India. The new species is a member of the Hemidactylus brookii complex, and can be distinguished based on the following suite of characters: moderate sized species (SVL 54.3–74.2 mm); anterior postmental width equal to first infralabial; posterior postmental width equal to second infralabial, posterior postmental not in contact with first infralabial; enlarged, keeled, tubercles, fairly regularly arranged in 15–16 longitudinal rows on dorsum; two angular series of seven precloacal femoral pores separated by diastema of eight non-pored scales; non-pored scales equal to size of pored scales; scales bordering anterior edge of pored scales half the size of pored scales; five lamellae on digit I and seven on digit IV of manus as well as pes; lamellae on digit IV and V of pes absent on basal 25% of the digit; legs long and slender; ventral aspect of tail with broad caudal scales covering ~80% of tail; two subconical post cloacal spurs, anterior spur slightly larger than posterior spur. 

Key words: Hemidactylus brookii, complex, taxonomy, bPTP, multivariate analysis, DNA

Hemidactylus chipkali sp. nov.

Etymology: The specific epithet “chipkali” is the Hindi word for gecko.
Suggested common name: Central Indian Leaf-toed Gecko 

Fig. 5. Hemidactylus chipkali sp. nov. (A and B) male holotype NCBS AT107 in life, (C) male paratype NCBS AT108 in life. 

Zeeshan A. Mirza and David Raju. 2017. A New Rupicolous Species of Gecko of the Genus Hemidactylus Oken, 1817 from the Satpura Hills, Central India. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation.  11(1) [General Section]: 51–71 (e137).


[Crustacea • 2017] Euastacus vesper • A New Giant Spiny Crayfish (Decapoda, Parastacidae) from the Great Dividing Range, New South Wales, Australia

Euastacus vesper
McCormack & Ahyong, 2017

DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4244.4.6 


Euastacus vesper sp. nov., is described from the upper Cudgegong River, Coricudgy State Forest, New South Wales, Australia. The new species occurs in the western drainage of the Great Dividing Range, and is most closely related to E. spinifer (Heller, 1865), which occurs on the eastern side of the range. Euastacus vesper differs from E. spinifer by its considerably smaller maximum size (OCL 67.9 mm versus 116.7 mm), greater degree of thoracic spination loosely arrayed in three instead of two rows and absence of the antennular basipodite and coxopodite spines. Observations on burrowing, ecological preferences and biology are presented.

Keywords: Crustacea, Euastacus, Parastacidae, spiny crayfish, freshwater, Australia

 Euastacus vesper sp. nov., male paratype (ACP1130), Cudgegong River. 

Etymology. Named vesper (Latin), meaning “western”, alluding to the western distribution of the new species relative to its closest relative, E. spinifer.
Suggested common Name: the Cudgegong Giant Spiny Crayfish

Distribution. Presently known only from the Cudgegong River and its tributaries; 743–1123 m a.s.l.

McCormack, Robert B. and Shane T. Ahyong. 2017. Euastacus vesper sp. nov., A New Giant Spiny Crayfish (Crustacea, Decapoda, Parastacidae) from the Great Dividing Range, New South Wales, Australia. Zootaxa. 4244(4); 556–567. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4244.4.6

A New Spiny Crayfish in Western Drainage, NSW.

Sunday, March 26, 2017

[Diplopoda • 2017] Four New Species of the Millipede Genus Eutrichodesmus Silvestri, 1910 (Polydesmida, Haplodesmidae) from Laos, Including Two with Reduced Ozopores

Figure 1.: Habitus photographs. 
B Eutrichodesmus deporatus sp. n., a male ecological photo from Cave Tham Pathok, sublateral view C E. paraster sp. n., male holotype (SMF) from Cave Tham Long Puang, lateral view D E. parvus sp. n., male paratype (ZFMK) from Cave Tham Nam Long, lateral view.  

Liu, Golovatch & Wesener, 2017 
 DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.660.11780 

Laos has large areas of primary forest with a largely unexplored fauna. This is evidenced by millipedes, class Diplopoda, with fewer than 60 species being recorded from the country. In the widespread Southeast Asian “Star Millipede” genus Eutrichodesmus Silvestri, 1910 (family Haplodesmidae), only two of 49 recorded species have been found in Laos. Four new species of Star Millipedes are here described from caves in Laos: Eutrichodesmus steineri Liu & Wesener, sp. n.E. deporatus Liu & Wesener, sp. n., Eparaster Liu & Wesener, sp. n. and Eparvus Liu & Wesener, sp. n.. A fifth species, for which only a female is available, remains unnamed. The defensive glands (ozopores) are found to be strongly or entirely suppressed in two of the new species, E. deporatus Liu & Wesener, sp. n. and E. paraster Liu & Wesener, sp. n., both troglobionts, which is new to the family. All of the Star Millipedes were collected during Northern Lao-European Cave Project faunal surveys conducted by the Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt. A key to the six species of Eutrichodesmus currently known to occur in Laos is provided.

Keywords: Millipede, reduced ozopores, biodiversity, taxonomy, cave adaptation, Laos

Figure 1.: Habitus photographs. A Eutrichodesmus steineri sp. n., male paratype (SMF) from Cave Tham Dout, ventrolateral view B E. deporatus sp. n., a male ecological photo from Cave Tham Pathok, sublateral view C E. paraster sp. n., male holotype (SMF) from Cave Tham Long Puang, lateral view D E. parvus sp. n., male paratype (ZFMK) from Cave Tham Nam Long, lateral view.

 Weixin Liu, Sergei Golovatch and Thomas Wesener. 2017. Four New Species of the Millipede Genus Eutrichodesmus Silvestri, 1910 from Laos, Including Two with Reduced Ozopores (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Haplodesmidae). ZooKeys. 660: 43-65. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.660.11780

[Botany • 2017] Aframomum ngamikkense • A New Species of Aframomum (Zingiberaceae) from D.R. Congo

Aframomum ngamikkense  Eb.Fisch., Kirunda, Ewango, M.E.Leal & Plumptre


Aframomum ngamikkense, a new species from the Misotshi-Kabogo Massif in the Albertine Rift, Eastern D.R. Congo, is described and illustrated. It differs from the superficially similar A. pseudostipulare in the shorter and obtuse ligules up to 5 mm long (vs. acute and up to 10 mm long), and the indistinctly 3-lobed apex of the stamen (vs. distinctly 3-lobed).

Keywords: Aframomum ngamikkense, Aframomum pseudostipulare, Albertine Rift, Democratic Republic of Congo, DRC, endemics, Monocots

Scientists from WCS have discovered a new species of wild ginger, spicing up a wave of recent wildlife discoveries in the Kabobo Massif -- a rugged, mountainous region in Democratic Republic of Congo. 

Aframomum ngamikkense Eb.Fisch., Kirunda, Ewango, M.E.Leal & Plumptre, spec. nov. (Fig. 1, 2) 

Differt ab Afromomo pseudostipulare ligulis brevioribus obtusisque usque ad 5 mm longis (ligulae acutae et usque ad 10 mm longae in A. pseudostipulare) et apice staminae indistincte trilobata (apex distincte trilobata in A. pseudostipulare).
 The new species differs from Aframomum pseudostipulare in the shorter and obtuse ligules up to 5 mm long (acute and up to 10 mm long in A. pseudostipulare) and the indistinctly 3-lobed apex of the stamen (distinctly 3-lobed in A. pseudostipulare). 

Type:— D.R.CONGO. Katanga Province, Kizamba area on the trail to to top of Kankamana Hill, 1570 m, .... (holotype NHN!; isotypes BR!, MHU!, LWI!). 

Etymology:— The new species is named after the proposed Ngamikka National Park in the Misotshi-Kabogo Massif. This includes the mountains Nganja, Misotshi, Kabogo and Kabili (Plumptre et al. 2010). 

Distribution:— Primary montane forest at elevations of 1500–2000 m, growing in large gregarious patches under closed canopy, mainly on slopes, in riverine vegetation, and on hill tops. ...

Eberhard Fischer, Ben Kirunda, Corneille Ewango, Miguel Leal, Deo Kujirakwinja, Arcel Bamba and Andrew J. Plumptre. 2017. A New Species of Aframomum (Zingiberaceae) from D.R. Congo. Phytotaxa.  298(3);  277–282. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.298.3.7 

Discovery of new ginger species spices up African wildlife surveys via @physorg_com

[Ornithology • 2017] Phylogeography of Bulbuls in the Genus Iole (Aves: Pycnonotidae)

S. Manawatthana, P. Laosinchai, N. Onparn, W.Y. Brockelman & P.D. Round. 2017.
 Phylogeography of Bulbuls in the Genus Iole (Aves: Pycnonotidae). 

Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 120(4); 931-944.  DOI:  10.1093/biolinnean/blw013 

Southeast Asia is one of the most geologically dynamic regions of the world with great species diversity and high endemism. We studied the bulbuls of the south and southeast Asian genus Iole (Aves: Pycnonotidae) in order to analyse their evolutionary relationships and describe their patterns of diversification and delimit species boundaries. Our phylogeographic reconstruction, based on two mitochondrial and one nuclear markers, sampled from all 13 recognized Iole taxa, presently grouped as four species, revealing three primary lineages: (1) a Palawan lineage (2) a Sundaic group distributed in the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo and (3) an Indochinese group distributed throughout continental Southeast Asia. Divergence time estimation suggested that the Palawan lineage diverged during the Miocene (around 9.7 Mya), a later split between the Sundaic and Indochinese lineages occurring around 7.2 Mya. The present classification of Iole based on morphology does not accurately reflect taxonomic relationships within the genus, in which we recognize five more putative species. An integrative approach that incorporates morphology and bioacoustics should further refine our understanding of species limits among Iole taxa.

Keywords: Iole, phylogeny, phylogeography, pycnonotidae, species tree

Sontaya Manawatthana, Parames Laosinchai, Nuttaphon Onparn,Warren Y. Brockelman and Philip D. Round. 2017. Phylogeography of Bulbuls in the Genus Iole (Aves: Pycnonotidae). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 120(4); 931-944..  DOI:  10.1093/biolinnean/blw013

นกปรอดสกุล Iole (อ่านว่า ไอโอลี่เดิมพบได้ในไทย 3 ชนิดคือ
1.) นกปรอดเล็กตาขาว (Grey-eyed Bulbul; Iole propinqua)
2.) นกปรอดเล็กสีไพลตาแดง (Olive Bulbul; Iole viridescens)
3.) นกปรอดหงอนตาขาว (Buff-vented Bulbul; Iole charlottae)

ซึ่งผลจากการศึกษานี้ทำให้มีนกชนิดใหม่ของไทยเพิ่มขึ้นมาอีก 1 ชนิด คือ
4.) Baker’s Bulbul (Iole cinnamomeoventris; ยังไม่มีชื่อภาษาไทยอย่างเป็นทางการ) 
- นกชนิดใหม่นี้เดิมถูกจัดเป็นเพียงชนิดย่อยของนกปรอดเล็กตาขาว เนื่องจากมีลักษณะภายนอกใกล้เคียงปรอดเล็กตาขาวมากๆ จนหลายๆครั้งในภาคสนามไม่เห็นความแตกต่าง 
- แต่จากการวิเคราะห์ DNA พบว่ามันมีความแตกต่างในเชิงวิวัฒนาการมากจนสมควรจะแยกเป็นชนิดใหม่ และยังพบว่ามีสายวิวัฒนาการใกล้ชิดกับ ปรอดเล็กสีไพลตาแดง (แทนที่จะใกล้ชิดกับปรอดเล็กตาขาวอย่างที่ถูกจัดไว้เป็นชนิดย่อยเดิม) 
- พบในภาคใต้ของไทย บริเวณด้ามขวานตั้งแต่ราวๆ จ.เพชรบุรีลงไปถึงราวๆ จ.สงขลา
- ลักษณะที่ใช้จำแนกในภาคสนามได้ดีที่สุดคือเสียงร้อง จะต่างกับปรอดหงอนตาขาวที่ลักษณะภายนอกคล้ายคลึงกันและพบในบริเวณภาคใต้เหมือนกัน
ตัวอย่างเสียงของ Iole cinnamomeoventris
ตัวอย่างเสียงของ ปรอดหงอนตาขาว Iole charlottae

- ชื่อ Baker's Bulbul ตั้งเพื่อเป็นเกียรติแก่ E. C. Stuart Baker นักปักษีวิทยาชาวอังกฤษ ซึ่งเป็นคนแรกที่จำแนกชนิดย่อย cinnamomeoventris นี้ไว้เมื่อปี 1917 

ถ้านับรวมทั้งเอเชียตะวันออกเฉียงใต้ เดิมนกปรอดสกุลนี้มีทั้งหมด 4 ชนิด ผล DNA จากการศึกษานี้บ่งชี้ว่าควรจะจำแนกเพิ่มอีก 5 ชนิด รวมเป็น 9 ชนิด ใครสนใจสามารถอ่านรายละเอียดได้ในงานวิจัยฉบับเต็มครับ:

ทั้งนี้ เปเปอร์แรกนี้จะเน้นเฉพาะผลจากการวิเคราะห์ DNA อาจจะอ่านยากสำหรับคนทั่วไปซักหน่อย ยังมีเปเปอร์ที่สองที่จะพูดถึงลักษณะภายนอก สีขน และผลการวิเคราะห์เสียงร้อง ที่ตอนนี้กำลังอยู่ระหว่างเตรียมส่งตีพิมพ์ครับ

[PaleoEntomology • 2017] Yijenplatycnemis huangi • Extreme Adaptations for Probable Visual Courtship Behaviour in A Cretaceous Dancing Damselfly

Yijenplatycnemis huangi
 Zheng, Nel, Jarzembowski, Chang, Zhang, Xia, Liu & Wang, 2017

Illustration by D. Zheng. DOI: 10.1038/srep44932 

Courtship behaviours, frequent among modern insects, have left extremely rare fossil traces. None are known previously for fossil odonatans. Fossil traces of such behaviours are better known among the vertebrates, e.g. the hypertelic antlers of the Pleistocene giant deer Megaloceros giganteus. Here we describe spectacular extremely expanded, pod-like tibiae in males of a platycnemidid damselfly from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Such structures in modern damselflies, help to fend off other suitors as well as attract mating females, increasing the chances of successful mating. Modern Platycnemidinae and Chlorocyphidae convergently acquired similar but less developed structures. The new findings provide suggestive evidence of damselfly courtship behaviour as far back as the mid-Cretaceous. These data show an unexpected morphological disparity in dancing damselfly leg structure, and shed new light on mechanisms of sexual selection involving intra- and intersex reproductive competition during the Cretaceous.

Figure 5: Reconstruction showing the courtship behaviour of Yijenplatycnemis huangi gen. et sp. nov. from the mid-Cretaceous tropical forest in Burma (drawn by Daran Zheng). 

Figure 1: Yijenplatycnemis huangi gen. et sp. nov.
Holotype (NIGP164757); photograph (A) and line drawing (B) of specimen (drawn by DZ). Paratype (BA16200); dorsal view (C) and anterior view (D) of specimen. 

Systematic palaeontology

Order Odonata Fabricius, 1793
Suborder Zygoptera Selys-Longchamps, 1854
Superfamily Coenagrionoidea Kirby, 1890

Family Platycnemididae Yakobson & Bianchi, 1905
Subfamily Palaeodisparoneurinae Poinar et al. 2011

Yijenplatycnemis huangi gen. et sp. nov

Etymology: The generic name is after Mr Huang Yijen, the donator of the type specimen, and the typical genus Platycnemis. The specific name is after Mr. Huang Yijen. Gender masculine.

Diagnosis: Very small damselfly, complete wing length about 11–14 mm; DC closed and quadrangular with MAb perpendicular to MAa; five postnodal and five postsubnodal crossveins present, somewhat aligned; only one postnodal crossvein present distal of Pt; midfork slightly basal of N; RP1 with strong angle below very long pterostigmal brace; area between RA and RP1 greatly widened distal of Pt; IR2 aligned with Sn; IR1 short, originating below Pt; MA long, ending on posterior wing margin below base of RP2; MP short, one or two cells long; CuA reduced to oblique vein; Pt very small, less than half length of surrounding cells; all tibiae spectacularly expanded, covered with two brown bands, in pod-like sclerite except on metatibiae where of semi-circular shape.


Daran Zheng, André Nel, Edmund A. Jarzembowski, Su-Chin Chang, Haichun Zhang, Fangyuan Xia, Haoying Liu & Bo Wang. 2017. Extreme Adaptations for Probable Visual Courtship Behaviour in A Cretaceous Dancing Damselfly.  Scientific Reports. 7, 44932. DOI: 10.1038/srep44932

Courtship behavior trapped in 100-million-year-old amber via @EurekAlert

Saturday, March 25, 2017

[Botany • 2017] New Species; Peperomia sirindhorniana รักตะนิล, P. heptaphylla, P. masuthoniana & P. multisurcula and A Reinstatement in Peperomia (Piperaceae) from Thailand

รักตะนิล |  Peperomia sirindhorniana Suwanph. & Chantar.

Four new species of Peperomia (Piperaceae) from Thailand, namely Peperomia heptaphyllaPeperomia masuthonianaPeperomia multisurcula and Peperomia sirindhorniana are described and illustrated. The reinstatement of Peperomia dindygulensis is also proposed with supporting morphological evidence.

Key words: IUCN vulnerability; morphology; taxonomy

Taxonomic Treatment

• Peperomia heptaphylla Suwanph. & Hodk., sp. nov. 

Type: Thailand, Prachuap Kiri Khan
Etymology. The specific epithet refers to the number of leaves per node.
Vernacular Name: เบี้ยประจวบ - Bia Pra Chuap.

• Peperomia masuthoniana Suwanph. & Chantar. sp. nov. 

Type: Thailand, Chiang Mai, Doi Chiangdao
Etymology: The specific epithet honours Associate Prof. Sumon Masuthon (1952 – present), Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, who encouraged the first author to intensively study the family Piperaceae for the Flora of Thailand project.
Vernacular Name: เบี้ยเชียงดาว - Bia Chiang Dao.

• Peperomia multisurcula Suwanph. & Hodk. sp. nov. 
Type: Thailand, Nan
Etymology: The specific epithet refers to the stems that have many clumps, and many main stems and branchlets.
Vernacular Name: เบี้ยสะปัน - Bia Sa Pan (Nan).

• Peperomia sirindhorniana Suwanph. & Chantar., sp. nov. 
Type: Thailand, Loei, Nong Hin, Pha Hin Ngam

Conservation Status. This species is uncommon and only a few specimens have been collected from the border area between Loei and Khon Kaen provinces in northeastern Thailand. The populations are narrowly distributed in an area of karst limestone and not in a protected area. The populations are threatened by farming and deforestation. The status of Peperomia sirindhorniana is assessed as Critically Endangered (CR), according to IUCN (2011) criteria and the authors consider a category of B1b to be appropriate.

Etymology: The specific epithet honours to H.R.H. Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Mahidol who initiated the Plant Genetic Conservation Project to develop the personnel and plant genetics resources for the maintenance of plant varieties, and for the development to be advantageous for farmers and the business sector of Thailand.
Vernacular Name: Rak-Ta-Nil.

 We discovered some unidentified specimens (T. Smitinand & H. Sleumer 1131 in BKF and L that were collected from Pha Nok Khao, Khon Kaen province, northeastern Thailand. They are similar to Peperomia pellucida in gross morphology but differ in some characters. We have subsequently collected living specimens from a nearby locality and they are easily recognised as a species new to science. The distinguishing characteristics of P. sirindhorniana are its red or reddish petioles and stems, and its bright to dark green leaves when fresh (subcoriaceous when dry) as opposed to pale green (membranous when dried) in P. pellucida. Furthermore, its fruits are larger than P. pellucida and are ovoid with a beaked apex formed from the style and it has densely acute papillae on the fruit surface.

• Peperomia dindygulensis Miq.

Etymology: The specific epithet refers to Dindygul (the city in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu) from which the type specimens were collected.
Vernacular Name: ผักป้องแดง - Phak Pong Daeng (Chanthaburi).

Chalermpol Suwanphakdee, Trevor R. Hodkinson and Pranom Chantaranothai. 2017. New Species and A Reinstatement in Peperomia (Piperaceae) from Thailand.
  Kew Bulletin. 72(1);  DOI: 10.1007/s12225-016-9662-5

  รักตะนิล ซึ่งมีความหมายว่า เขียว-แดง เนื่องจากพืชชนิดนี้มีลำ ต้นและก้านใบสีแดง มีใบสีเขียวเข้มหรือสีมรกต